National Disaster Management Act and the Covid-19

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Feelings of responsibility, discipline, pride, honor, and contentment are intertwined with the joy of serving in the Indian judicial system. A law degree is necessary for a judge, but there is much more work, training, and dedication needed to become a good judge. This article will go over what it takes to become a judge in India, including any prerequisites, requirements, responsibilities, etc. In India, there is a dizzying array of judicial specializations, from the Supreme Court Judge to the High Court Judge to the District Court Judge to the Additional Court Judge to the Civil Judge to the Joint District Judge. Below is a chart that will help paint a clearer picture.



Graduates of any high school major, be it arts, science, commerce, or the humanities, are welcome to apply for entry-level legal positions. After high school, students interested in a judicial career must enroll in a five-year integrated law program, such as a Bachelor of Arts in Law (B.A. A LL B , B Com LL B , B B A LL B etc Although BALLB is not required for a career in the judiciary, taking pre-law courses like History, Sociology, and English as part of your BALLB curriculum is a good idea. Although the standard length of legal education is five years, recent grads have the option of enrolling in a shorter, three-year LLB program. A candidate can sit for the Judicial Services Examination or the Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Examination after completing either a 5-year or 3-year LLB program. Applicants must either hold a valid law degree from an accredited university or be an Advocate registered under the Advocate Act 1961 to be considered.

Evaluation for Judicial Office:

One must pass the Judicial Service Examination, also known as the PCS(J) Provincial Civil Service- Judicial Examination, in order to join the Indian Judicial Services as a judge. In order to become a judge in a lower court, candidates must first pass this exam, which is only open to those who have recently earned a law degree. Upon passing this test, the next steps are to take either the Lower Judicial Services (LJS) or the Higher Judicial Services (HJS) exams.

The Least Adequate Judiciary (JLJ)

Structure of the Examination:

  • The minimum passing score for the preliminary multiple-choice exam is 60.
    Passing this test requires a minimum of
  • Candidates must earn a minimum of 40% on each exam and 50% to move on to the Interview round for the main exam, which is a descriptive-style test.
  • Interview – This phase involves direct communication with the jury. Those who make it past the preliminary exams move on to the next phase, the interviews.


The ideal candidate will have Indian citizenship.

You need either a 5 or 3 year post-undergrad LLB (or LLM, if you want) degree to qualify.

Capability with the state's official language (in some cases)


It is important to note that the age limit for the Lower Judicial Services Examination varies by state, but is typically between 21 and 35 years old for general candidates, with some leeway for candidates in the SC, ST, and OBC categories.


  • General Knowledge
  • Competence in Speaking and Writing English
  • Jurisprudence based on the Constitution
  • Torts and Contracts
  • Transfer of Property law
  • Proving Evidence in India Act
  • Cases involving the Law of Torts


District judgeships require candidates to take part in the Higher Judicial Services Examination. Judges of the civil courts, lawyers who are interested in becoming district judges and have registered with the Bar Council of India,

The Exam Structure:

  • The minimum passing score for the preliminary multiple-choice exam is 60.
    minimum required score to pass this test
  • To advance to the interview stage, candidates must achieve a minimum score of 40% on the main exam's descriptive-style questions and 50% overall.
  • Interview: This phase entails meeting with members of the selection committee individually. Those who make it past the preliminary exams move on to the interviews that will determine the final roster of hires.


It is possible to sit for the Higher Judicial Services Exam for anyone who has graduated from law school and registered with the Bar Counsel of India and has practiced law for more than seven years.


In most states, the minimum age to sit for the Higher Judicial Services Examination is 35 years old.


  • Common Sensibility
  • Language
  • Principles of Law 1 (The Law That Actually Matters)
  • Principles of Evidence and Procedure
  • Penal, Tax, and Municipal Laws (3)

You should now be well-versed in the path to becoming a judge up to the level of the district. Let's move on from this and talk about higher court judges, such as those on the High Court and the Supreme Court.

The Average Annual Wage of a District Court Judge

In addition to his base salary of 24000/- (approximately), a district court judge also receives a number of allowances, including those for housing, transportation, and retirement.



  • The applicant must be legally allowed to live in India.
  • Become a member of the Bar Council of India.
  • Must have practiced law for a minimum of 10 years, 5 of which must have been spent as a prosecutor in the High Court.
  • Alternately, if he has served for more than ten years as a judge,

The President of India, in consultation with the Chief Justice, appoints the High Court judges. High court judges are appointed by the President and the Chief Justice, with input from the governors of any states over which the court has jurisdiction.

A judge in India's highest court can earn a salary of up to Rs 22,500 rupees ($490) per month, plus travel and lodging stipends of up to Rs 27,000/- Nonetheless, this may vary from one state to the next.

High Court Justice


  • The applicant must be a legal resident of India.
  • The candidate has served for at least five years as a judge on the high court or high court in succession.
  • This individual has at least ten years of experience as a practicing advocate in the High Court or High Court in succession.
  • The President of India has the authority to appoint anyone he deems qualified to the Supreme Court of India.

Judges on the Supreme Court can earn a salary of up to Rs monthly salary of Rs 2, 50,000 plus hospitality allowances of up to Rs 34,000/-


The Chief Justice of India is the highest and most prestigious judge. The Chief Justice of India is appointed by the President of India.


The old adage about power and responsibility being proportional is absolutely correct. There's no denying the honor and respect you'll earn as a judge, but getting there isn't something you can do in a day. A successful legal career is the result of years of hard work, determination, will, and the right guidance. Students fresh out of high school should take the first step toward a legal career by carefully selecting an appropriate law school, taking into account the track records of judges educated there as well as the unique opportunities for professional development offered to those who are interested in pursuing legal careers. taking a job in the court system because this is the most crucial stage in constructing the future In addition to the standard 5 year integrated course or 3 year LLB, many universities also offer specialized judicial education.  

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